Chronic Fatigue, Fibromyalgia and Tick Diseases: The Ticking Time Bomb

Spring is here, and naturally, after our long harsh winter, we can’t wait to get outside and enjoy the outdoors. However, my patients who suffer from Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Fibromyalgia are not quite as happy because their symptoms prevent them from enjoying being active and outside.

When treating patients with both of these conditions, I am extremely vigilant in looking for an underlying infection, which may have brought on these illnesses. The diseases that are becoming the most prevalent and in some ways the most difficult to diagnose are tick borne diseases.

TICK BORNE DISEASES

Almost everyone has heard of Lyme disease. The Lyme epidemic seems to have exploded from a little known illness that was discovered in Lyme, Connecticut to a country-wide problem.

The big problem in the past decade was the hot debate over what symptoms caused Lyme disease. Rashes, arthritis and neurologic symptoms were well-documented in the scientific literature. However, the medical literature seemed to indicate that with appropriate treatment the symptoms would be resolved.

INSURANCE COMPANIES

Other symptoms, such as fatigue and chronic generalized pain were not as widely accepted by the medical community or insurance companies that were contesting the concept of a Chronic Lyme disease state.

Insurance companies refused to pay for long courses of antibiotics to try and cure the disease. To further complicate matters, the laboratory tests to diagnose Lyme disease were not easy to interpret and there was a significant variation from one lab to another.

THE LYME CONUNDRUM

The big medical question was to treat or not to treat? The medical world did not know whether they should treat Lyme disease.

Also, patients with Chronic fatigue syndrome and Fibromyalgia were usually told that if they didn’t show any evidence of a Lyme infection, they didn’t have the tick and had no hope of getting better with antibiotics. This may have been a big mistake!!

While Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Fibromyalgia are completely separate to Lyme disease, it does not mean a tick borne infection cannot cause any of these conditions.

GOOD TESTING

My own frustration in diagnosing tick borne diseases was that I could not seem to find a lab that did consistently good testing. However, my luck and the luck of my patients has changed. I recently discovered the company Imugen, that specializes in Lyme and other tick borne infections.

IMUGEN

Imugen has several types of laboratory testing that utilizes the latest advances in diagnostic testing for ticks – Polymerase Chain Reaction, or PCR. PCR tests DNA for the presence of the tick, not the antibody.

I know this seems very scientific, but the bottom line is that like in criminal investigations, nothing trumps DNA evidence. An antibody test can miss an infection or give a false positive test due to a cross reaction, but DNA does not lie.

While talking to the head nurse epidemiologist in Suffolk county, Long Island she informed me that they frequently see many patients who are co-infected with multiple tick infections at the same time.

IT MAKES SENSE…

If you go into the woods and get exposed to various ticks, some may carry the Lyme infection and others may carry not so famous infections such as Borrelia Miyamotoi, Babesia Microti, Anaplasmosis, Ehrlichiosis. These infections can cause even nastier illnesses than Lyme disease.

Realistically, until we find a more specific cause for Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Fibromyalgia, I believe any patient has the right to be tested for all of these very important tick illnesses that happen more frequent than most of us realize!

- Dr. Dean Mitchell
Mitchell Medical Group, NYC

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